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Media Contact:

Soraya Ututalum, Washington, DC, sututalum@earthworksaction.org

Eoin Bannon, Brussels, Belgium, eoin.bannon@transportenvironment.org

Geoffrey Nolan, Washington, DC, gnolan@earthjustice.org

Washington, DC — Earthworks, Transport and Environment (T&E), and Earthjustice released an independent peer-reviewed remining report published in Minerals that is considered one of the first and most comprehensive literature reviews on the  issue.

“Remining” refers to the process of using mine waste as a source material to extract minerals or create other materials of economic value. As the demand for clean energy technologies increases to address the climate crisis, questions remain on sustainably securing the minerals needed to fuel the energy transition. 

Developed to help policy makers initiate discussions with impacted communities and Tribal governments, “Remining for the Energy Transition,” analyzes remining in the United States and the European Union (EU). Specifically, the policy brief—which is informed by the published report—identifies the capacity for generating energy transition minerals from waste deposits, expected benefits and dangers, and best practices that reinforce gains and mitigate risks. 

“The report shows prospects for remining minerals in the United States,” said Aaron Mintzes, Senior Policy Counsel of Earthworks. “But remining is mining, and current laws do not go far enough to stop dangerous mining practices.”

Mintzes warned that before it can be regarded as a viable option, more research, better data, and strong regulations such as mine waste characterization, an overhaul of the 1872 mining law, and Free and Prior Informed Consent from Indigenous Peoples must be enforced to protect people, communities, and the environment. 

“There is significant potential for remining in Europe to reduce the region’s demand for transition minerals,” said Cecilia Mattea, Battery and Supply Chains Policy Manager of T&E. “The EU’s Critical Raw Materials Act (CRMA) provides the framework to prioritize such projects, but environmental safeguards and community involvement are essential, as is the review of the EU Extractive Waste Directive.”

In November 2023, the EU reached a provisional agreement on its CRMA. Their green transition will lead to a massive increase of local production of batteries, solar panels, permanent magnets, and other clean technologies, which will require abundant access to a range of raw materials.

“While remining offers a possible option to accessing transition minerals and concurrently addressing lingering pollution issues at old mining sites, it should only move forward in a sustainable and just way,” said Blaine Miller-McFeeley, Senior Legislative Representative of Earthjustice

He added that the report demonstrates how strong regulations, oversight, and community engagement are essential components of remining projects. “Only with these in place can remining realize its theoretical benefits and avoid new injuries to ecosystems and impacted communities, many of which are already living with the harmful legacies of toxic mines that the industry has failed to clean up in the past,” he said. 

Included in the report are recommendations for mining companies to apply due diligence and traceability requirements, implement mandatory circular economy plans, and incorporate impact assessments in the permitting process.

Following the report launch, Earthworks, T&E, and Earthjustice will present their report findings to government, community, and other stakeholders. The information-raising campaign will also include a webinar in Belgium and the United States on January 16 and 17, respectively. Climate and human right experts, as well as community leaders will be attending the two events. 


About Earthworks 

Earthworks is a U.S. environmental nonprofit that focuses exclusively on the impacts of resource extraction on communities and the environment in the country and across the world. Its staff have worked on mining and drilling issues for decades and provide expertise to frontline communities, regulators, and policy makers.

Visit www.earthworks.org  I LinkedIn:/earthworks/  I X: /Earthworks I Facebook: /earthworksaction/ Instagram: /earthworksaction/ I YouTube: /Earthworks 

About Transport and Environment 

Transport & Environment’s vision is a zero-emission mobility system that is affordable and has minimal impacts on our health, climate and environment. Since its formation over 30 years ago, it has shaped some of Europe’s most important environmental laws. Today, it is considered the region’s leading clean transport campaign group.

Visit www.transportenvironment.org I LinkedIn: /transport-&-environment I  X: /transenv I Instagram: /transportandenvironment I YouTube: /transportenvironment 

About Earthjustice

Earthjustice is the premier nonprofit public interest environmental law organization. It wields the power of law and the strength of partnership to protect people’s health, to preserve magnificent places and wildlife, to advance clean energy, and to combat climate change.

Visit www.earthjustice.org