December 11, 2017 • EARTHWORKS
Pipelines carry oil, gas, wastes and related products to and from drilling, processing, and distribution areas under high pressure. There are four main types of pipelines: Gas pipelines Oil and hazardous liquid pipelines Gathering pipelines Distribution pipelines and alternatives to… More »

Pit Rule

December 11, 2017 • EARTHWORKS
There are many fluids and wastes associated with oil and gas operations that can poison living organisms. This web page contains information on some of the following issues of concern related to the storage and disposal of oil and gas… More »

Regulations on Cyanide Use in Gold Mining

December 11, 2017 • EARTHWORKS
The Cyanide Code After the Aural Mine spill in Romania, an international group of stakeholders created the International Cyanide Management Code for the Manufacture, Transport and Use of Cyanide in the Production of Gold (Cyanide Code). An independent third party assesses a… More »

Stock Raising Homestead Act of 1916 (SRHA)

December 11, 2017 • EARTHWORKS
The Stock-Raising Homestead Act of 1916 provided settlers 640 acres of public land—a full section or its equivalent—for ranching purposes. SRHA allows ranchers to homestead (i.e. privatize) lands originally deemed of no value except for livestock grazing and the growing… More »

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Split Estate

December 11, 2017 • EARTHWORKS
In many states, the owners of the land are not necessarily the owners of the minerals. When the surface and subsurface (mineral) estates are owned by different parties, they are referred to as split estate or severed estate lands. When… More »

Salt Cavern gas storage

December 11, 2017 • EARTHWORKS
Salt caverns account for about 10% of gas storage capacity nationwide, mostly in the South and East. Storage occurs after the excavation of naturally occurring salt domes, which are deep and narrow, or salt beds, which are wide and shallow.… More »

Property Value

December 11, 2017 • EARTHWORKS
Fracking in residential areas impacts the property value of both lease owners and their neighbors. Water source a deciding factor in property value A Duke University and Resources for the Future study found that the most significant factor in the… More »

Sources of Oil and Gas Air Pollution

December 11, 2017 • EARTHWORKS
A variety of air contaminants are emitted throughout the oil and gas development process, and these compounds are released from a number of sources: Condensate tanks Construction activity Dehydrators Engines Fugitive emissions Pits Vehicles Venting and Flaring Condensate tanks Some… More »